Southern Madolenihmw
Hiking & Trekking Surfing SCUBA Diving Kayaking, Canoeing & Paddleboarding Sport Climbing Biking

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An Introduction to Southern Madolenihmw

Pohnpeian girl, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)

Traditional canoe in the mangroves, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)

Mangrove crabs, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)

Boys and roosters, Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia (FSM)

The southeastern region of Pohnpei, which is divided between the municipalities of Madolenihmw (pronounced mä.tō.lĕn.eem) and Kitti (pronounced kĭ.chee), is perhaps the least known among travelers. Until the late 1990s, it was the only place where the winding Circle Island Road had not yet been paved. There was a feeling that this was the last remnant of an older Pohnpei. Today, this section of the road has some of the best paving on the island and the area has become much easier to visit, but it still feels deliciously remote, almost intangible.

The region was never a backwoods as far as Pohnpeian history is concerned. Madolenihmw and Kitti staged frequent wars there from the mid-1700s and into the Spanish Period, and many of Madolenihmw’s notorious internal conflicts were also focused in the southeast. One bloody confrontation between central Madolenihmw and Lohd Pah began with a simple feud between two high-titled sisters and ended with an ambush and massacre. Another war began in Sapwehrek and spread to many places in both chiefdoms, culminating in a sea battle near Penieu Island and the defeat of Madolenihmw by Kitti.

During the peak of the whaling period in the mid-1850s, “Mwudok Harbor” and Kepidauen Lohd (then known as “Pohnahtik Harbor”) were popular ports, though not as busy as Madolenihmw Bay and Rohnkitti. Mischief was common. Beachcombers schemed and stabbed each other in the backs. Local chiefs and commoners alike vied for power and material wealth brought by outsiders. In one amusing incident, a Pohnpeian man tricked a ship captain into paying him for young women, who turned out to be pieces of bright cloth tied to the roots of the mangrove trees. Tobacco became the primary currency, rascally traders like Ben Pease set up shop in the area, and a smallpox epidemic broke out at Penieu, eventually killing 40% of the island’s population and throwing the social structure into chaos. Pohnpei was forever changed.

Southern Madolenihmw Eco-Adventure Guide

This 18 x 20 inch (45.72 x 50.8 cm) full-color double-sided field guide folds down to 9 x 4 inches (22.86 x 10.2 cm) and covers all but the most interior regions of Southern Madolenihmw. It contains:

Southern Madolenihmw Eco-Adventure Guide Southern Madolenihmw Eco-Adventure Guide

Southern Madolenihmw (& Rohi) Attractions

Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

Wou Kutoahr

Wou Kutoahr Today, the name Wou Kutoahr is used to refer to a large area of upland fern meadows, palm forests, giant tree fern stands, and denser hardwood forests, though it actually means “kingfisher valley” and originally referenced a specific feature ...
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Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

Kepirohi Waterfall

Kepirohi Waterfall Kepirohi, which lies on the lower Mand Stream (Pilen Mand) in Kepirohi Kousapw, is certainly Pohnpei’s most famous and most photographed waterfall and makes a nice picnic stop after a visit to the ruins of Nan Madol just a ...
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Kokomaru Waterfall, Mand, Madolenihmw, Pohnpei, Micronesia

Mand Area Attractions

Mand Area Attractions Mand is a little community of Pingelapese people who were given a parcel of land by the Nahnmwarki of Madolenihmw in Pohnpei's modern past. You can't call it a town, but it feels more connected than many of ...
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Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

The Rock of Silehu

The Rock of Silehu Southern Kitti’s most obvious natural feature is the Rock of Silehu -- a spire of basalt rock that stabs out from the hills above Nintok. Because of its phallic shape, some have jokingly referred to the rock ...
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Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

Nanpohnmweli Waterfall

Nanpohnmweli Waterfall Though you can reach the top of Nanpohnmweli from Mand, the best way to access this falls (also known as "Kerenis" Waterfall) is from the Circle Island Road in Sapwehrek Kousapw. The walk begins at Benford Etse's residence immediately ...
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Sapwtakai and Other Prehistoric Cultural Sites & Ruins

Prehistoric Sites & Ruins in Kitti Map Guides >> Western Kitti >> Prehistoric Cultural Sites & Ruins in Kitti ...
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Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia

Penieu Island

Penieu Island Penieu is a gorgeous reef island in the southeast next to Kepidauen Ne (pass). The island is a major rookery for a colony of noddies and other seabirds, which fill the air with raucous clamor as they swoop around ...
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scuba-south_001

Pohnpei Diving – South Side Sites

South Side Dive Sites "Nahlap" This dive curves around the corner of the reef east of Nahlap (island). It's best known for sponges and schools of mackerel, jacks, and rainbow runners. Reef sharks and turtles are also occasionally seen. 9-40 meters. Best ...
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Kalangan to Miller Benjamin for helping to check southern Madolenihmw place names for accuracy; Danny and Arlene Rosencrans for assisting in the exploration of Madolenihmw’s paddling destinations; Peterson Anson of Pohnpei Transportation & Infrastructure for helping to create the beautiful shaded relief on our maps; Danko Taborosi of Island Research & Education Initiative (IREI) for his considerable support and technical assistance; and the Australian Government for funding the production of this guide.

Eco-Adventure Map Guides >> Southern Madolenihmw